Czechs and Slovaks come together to celebrate Czechoslovakia

Czechs and Slovaks held lavish joint celebrations for the 100th anniversary of the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938).

Ria Gehrerová
Ria Gehrerová Denník N, Slovakia
Source: Denník N
Czechs and Slovaks come together to celebrate Czechoslovakia - NewsMavens
Tomáš G. Masaryk, Wikimedia Commons

Why this story matters:

Most Czech and Slovak citizens believe that the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938) was a fair and democratic period that helped both countries develop.

The twenty years before WWII -- in other words, the years before communist rule -- are widely regarded as a shining example of functioning democracy in a multicultural state. Czechoslovakia developed quickly and had several progressive leaders.

President Tomáš G. Masaryk (1850-1937) is especially popular even to this day. He was the first and last Czech or Slovak head of state who openly proclaimed himself to be a feminist.

Details from the story:

  • October 30, 1918, Slovaks published a Martin Declaration --  a declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Hungary. It is still celebrated as a holiday in Slovakia.
  • Socialist Czechoslovakia was formed after WWII and ended with the Velvet Revolution in 1989. Then, Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved into two new countries -- Czech and Slovak Republic.
  • Slovaks, compared to Czechs, are not educated enough about the modern history of Czechoslovakia and Slovakia. Some of them do not know much about the biggest historical milestones and do not have an opinion on them.
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