20 Dec 2017

One in 10 Romanian newborns is premature

One in 10 babies in Romania is premature and in need of special medical care to survive, reminds the NGO Save the Children, launching a near Christmas campaign encouraging Romanian companies to direct 20% of their profit tax to a social cause.

Delia Budurca
Delia Budurca NewsMavens, Romania
One in 10 Romanian newborns is premature - NewsMavens
baby in an incubator, wiki commons

Why this story matters:

Health, children,

One in 10 babies in Romania is premature and in need of special medical care to survive, reminds the NGO Save the Children, launching a near Christmas campaign encouraging Romanian companies to direct 20% of their profit tax to a social cause.

There is a significant global increase in premature birth rates, the leading cause of infant mortality. Premature babies have better chances of survival if cared for in a maternity ward that has adequate medical equipment for rapid intervention.

Insufficient medical equipment is still a frequent problem in Romania. According to the data from the Save the Children Report, 13% of first level maternity wards have no standard incubator for premature babies, 56% of the second level maternity wards have no ventilators for mechanical respiratory support and 14% of third level maternity wards have only one resuscitation table for newborns. The last provide care in the most complicated cases.

Six years ago, when Save the Children started a program for equipping maternity wards and nursing homes, Romania recorded an infant mortality rate of 10.1 per thousand of live-born children.

Since then Save the Children has invested over three million euros in equipping 76 maternity wards and nurseries in the vast majority of Romanian counties with about 370 pieces of medical equipment, that helped over 31,000 babies to survive.

The funds were collected from Romanian companies that chose to redirect up to 20% ​​of their profit tax to social causes.

Save the Children draws attention to the fact that only one in three Romanian companies that made profit in 2016 chose to invest in social causes by redirecting part ​​of their profit tax to social projects, according to the data provided by the National Authority for Fiscal Administration. In 2016, only 10% of the total profit tax was used to fund non-governmental projects. 

Their Christmas campaign encourages companies to greater participation. The deadline to select a social cause to support, like Save the Children, is December 31, 2017.

Details from the story:

  • According to the WHO "Born too soon” Report, 90% of premature or extremely premature babies (under 32 weeks) survive in developed countries, while in poorly developed countries the reverse is true, with 90% of these babies dying.
  • In 2012, 125 companies redirected up to 20% of their profit tax to Save the Children Romania. In 2016, the number of companies almost doubled reaching 234 and the amount collected was 383,262 euros. This shows a positive trend as the NGO attracted 317,335 euros in 2015, 229,742 euros in 2014 and 208,561 euros in 2013.
  • In 2016, out of the 119,594 companies who have made profit, only 39,067 have used this leverage to support social causes by redirecting part of the corporate tax. This expense is deductible, with zero costs for companies. The target amount may not exceed 5% of the turnover and may not exceed 20% of the state tax on profits. Payments must be made by 31 December 2017.
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