Why this story matters:
The report by the CRTA is one of several recent alarms that media literacy in Balkan countries needs serious improvements.
According to this year’s Media Literacy Index of the Open Society Institute, the Balkan countries are the most vulnerable to "fake news" among the 35 European countries included in the Index.
The ability of news consumers to recognize fake news is considered to be extremely low, while political control over media is extremely high in the Balkans, when compared with other European countries.
Politicians, in other words, use every given opportunity to spread misinformation and propaganda to manipulate citizens. So far, they're doing a great job.
Details from the story:
- According to the CRTA research, Serbian media published 33% of reports without sources, most of them pro-Russia and anti-USA oriented.
- 43% of Macedonian media quoted unnamed sources, most of them EU-neutral and pro-EU oriented.
- Montenegrin media published 13% of reports without any quotes.
- The CRTA research was completed between May 14 and June 10, 2018. The sample included 5,553 media reports published in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and FYR Macedonia.
- CRTA association has founded Istinomer.rs, the first fact-checking web portal in Serbia.