Equality between men and women is 200 years away

One of the reasons why we must actively seek policies that tackle the gender gap is that inequality between men and women tends to perpetuate itself. Over time, it becomes a vicious circle.

Cinzia Sciuto
Cinzia Sciuto MicroMega, Italy
Source: MicroMega
Equality between men and women is 200 years away - NewsMavens
Business woman, PixaBay

Why this story matters:

According to the 2018 Gender Gap Report of the World Economic Forum, the gender gap will be closed in 108 years - it will take 202 years to close the economic gap and 107 for the political one.

Even if women and men in our societies enjoy the same rights and opportunities in theory, until full equality is achieved, women remain at a disadvantage. They face objective, legislative and material hurdles whose negative effects are compounded by the fact that boys and girls have been presented with a differing "horizon of possibilities" since childhood.

It is now common to encounter women in almost every professional field. But in every profession, even the more traditionally female ones, the higher up the hierarchical ladder, the fewer women.

And if I, a child, see few women in politics, few women managing hospitals, few women on company boards and so on, I risk being conditioned by the idea. I will begin to believe that these positions are "not for me", and self reduce my horizon of possibilities and choices.

This is obviously a much bigger issue will require continued structural interventions in politics, economy and culture.

Details from the story:

  • According to the latest Report on Fair and Sustainable Wellness issued by the Italian Institute of Statistics on December 18, 2018, Italy remains far from "reaching the 'Gender Balance Zone', i.e. 40% to 60% women elected, a threshold reached by the Scandinavian countries, but also by France and Spain thanks to the significant presence of women among their elected representatives in the European Parliament".
  • In the ranking of the Gender Gap Report 2018 of the World Economic Forum, Italy is in 70th place globally (38th in the ranking concerning the area of ​​political participation), and 17th place in Western Europe, followed only by Greece, Malta and Cyprus.
  • In the 106 countries analyzed by the WEF since the start of the survey, it is expected that -- without specific interventions -- the gender gap will be closed in 108 years, while it will take 202 years to close the economic gap and 107 for the political gap.
  • In this year's WEF Report, the impact of new technologies on the economic gap was also included.
  • According to the report, only 22% of global artificial intelligence professionals are women, compared to 78% who are male. The result is a gender gap of 72%
  • In Italy the gap is 61%: only 28% of AI professionals are women. This serious disequilibrium was confirmed by the study prepared by Iclaves for the European Commission - DG Connect: "Women in the digital age" (2018), according to which gender inequalities in this sector are "essentially the result of the persistence of strong unconscious prejudices about what is appropriate and what capacity each gender has."
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Project #Femfacts co-financed by European Commission Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology as part of the Pilot Project – Media Literacy For All

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